Cuba’s insular platform, of around 26,190 square miles or 67,831 square kilometers in area, has excellent scuba-diving spots throughout all the archipelago. They are some of the most entrancing in all the Caribbean. The reefs and walls of the Cuban maritime platform offer, to the beginner as well as to the advanced diver, as much if not more than any diving area in the world.
Cuban diving waters are pristine, with very little pollution or coral destruction, perfectly preserved, and providing an underwater paradise of more than 50 species of corals and 200 species of sponges. With average normal visibility of 30 to 40 meters, divers will find an abundance of hard corals such as brain, pillar, staghorn and elkhorn, and among the soft corals, spectacular gorgonians, sea fans and plume worms. Barrel and tube sponges, sea urchins, spiny lobsters, coral shrimp and crabs are also widely present.
Main island of Cuba and its 4 000 cays and inlets, have an exceptional diversity of marine flora and fauna. These islets, which are practically surrounded by coralline formations, are of special interest to scuba-diving buffs because they have excellent diving conditions there are no strong marine currents and the area, and the warm, calm unpolluted water is so clear that you can see through it for 100 feet 30 meters.
Since the broad insular shelf is relatively near the surface and Cuba is at the edge of the tropics, the water temperature is between 75.2 and 83.3 F. 24 and 28.5 C all year round.
Scuba diving in Cuba is being developed on the basis of preserving the underwater ecosystems. Modern equipment is available for divers, and sites are located in the most beautiful natural areas of the insular shelf, many of which have been declared protected areas.
Scuba-diving centers on both the northern and southern coasts and on some of the adjacent keys that have been recently opened to tourists have comfortable hotels which form part of facilities available to scuba divers. Because Cuba is such an attractive place for diving, the number of tourists is increasing and more diving organizers offer their services. Almost all resorts offer diving programs, which include courses for beginners and the possibility to obtain a course certificate. The equipment is usually of a high standard, but you can also bring your own equipment.
All main diving organizers strongly suggest, that your last dive should be at least one day prior to the flight home, so that the nitrogen in your body can reduce to the normal level. Thus the risk to your health is minimalized. A medical certificate must be obtained before diving. and could be arranged if needed.